In the Colorectal Division of North Carolina Surgery at UNC REX, caring and skilled surgeons provide diagnosis and treatment for all types of colorectal cancer, including:
What Are the Known Causes of Colorectal Cancer?
The exact causes of colorectal cancer are unknown. However, it often develops from precancerous polyps in the colon or rectum. Genetic factors, family history, and certain hereditary conditions can also contribute to an increased risk of colorectal cancer.
What Are the Early Warning Signs and Symptoms of Colorectal Cancer?
Early warning signs and symptoms of colorectal cancer may include unexplained weight loss, persistent changes in bowel habits, such as diarrhea or constipation, rectal bleeding, and abdominal discomfort. If you experience any of these symptoms, it is crucial to consult a healthcare professional promptly.
How Is Colorectal Cancer Diagnosed?
We can diagnose colorectal cancer through various methods, including colonoscopy, flexible sigmoidoscopy, and imaging tests such as CT scans or MRI. Medical professionals will conduct these diagnostic procedures to assess the presence and extent of the disease.
What Are the Different Treatment Options For Colorectal Cancer?
The colorectal cancer treatment options depend on the stage and location of the cancer, as well as the patient’s overall health. Treatment may involve surgery to remove the tumor, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, targeted therapies, and immunotherapy. A multidisciplinary team of healthcare experts determines the choice of treatment.
How Can I Reduce the Risk of Developing Colorectal Cancer?
To reduce the risk of developing colorectal cancer, individuals can take proactive measures. These include adopting a balanced diet rich in fruits, vegetables, and fiber, maintaining a healthy weight, exercising regularly, avoiding smoking and excessive alcohol consumption, and participating in recommended screening programs, such as colonoscopies.