Anorectal Surgery

Woman hand holding her bottom
Proctologist holding anatomical model of rectum with hemorrhoids
Anorectal surgery covers a range of surgical procedures focused on the rectum, anus, and surrounding areas. These surgeries are vital for treating conditions that cause significant discomfort and impair daily functioning. At UNC REX Colorectal Surgery, our goal is to improve your quality of life through expert surgical care.

Medical Conditions Anorectal Surgery Can Treat


Anorectal surgery is commonly employed to treat hemorrhoids, which are swollen and inflamed blood vessels in the rectum and anus. Surgical options may include hemorrhoidectomy or minimally invasive procedures like rubber band ligation.

Anal Fissures

Anal fissures, small tears in the lining of the anus, can cause discomfort and bleeding. Anoplasty procedures are often utilized to repair these fissures and promote healing.

Abscesses and Fistulas

Anorectal abscesses, collections of pus in the anal or rectal area, and fistulas, abnormal connections between organs or tissues, may require surgical drainage and repair to prevent complications and recurrence.


Dysplasia refers to abnormal cell growth, often detected in the lining of the anus. Surgical excision or other interventions may be necessary to prevent the progression to more serious conditions.

Anal Cancer

In cases of anal cancer, anorectal surgery may be part of the comprehensive treatment plan. This can involve removing tumors, affected tissues, or nearby lymph nodes to address the cancerous growth.

Common Procedures

Our team specializes in the following anorectal procedures:

  • Hemorrhoidectomy: A surgical procedure to remove hemorrhoids, offering long-term relief from bleeding, irritation, and swelling.
  • Fistulotomy: Aimed at treating anal fistulas, this procedure involves opening the fistula tunnel to heal it from the inside out.
  • Anal Fissure Repair: This surgery is used to treat a tear in the lining of the anus, reducing pain and facilitating faster healing.
Recovery and Aftercare

Recovering from anorectal surgery varies by procedure but generally involves several weeks of care. Pain management is a critical component, typically involving medications to ease discomfort during the healing process. We advise patients to follow a fiber-rich diet, stay hydrated, and avoid strenuous activities as they recover.

Most patients can resume normal activities within a few weeks, with complete healing taking place within a few months.

Why Choose Us?
Our surgical team at UNC REX Colorectal Surgery brings years of experience and a commitment to patient-centered care. Our practices in Raleigh, Wilmington, and Charlotte are equipped with the latest technology for our patients’ safety and to provide effective treatments. We understand the sensitivity of anorectal conditions and prioritize your privacy and comfort throughout your treatment and recovery.
Contact Us to Learn More
If you are experiencing symptoms related to anal disorders or have been advised to consider anorectal surgery, our team at UNC REX Colorectal is here to provide expert guidance and compassionate care. We tailor our surgical treatment options to meet our patients’ needs. Contact us today to schedule a consultation and learn more about how anorectal surgery can help restore your health and well-being.