Two types of Crohn’s disease can require surgery:
Abdominal Crohn’s disease operations
Abdominal Crohn’s disease surgery targets the small bowel or colon. During the procedure, your surgeon will remove the diseased portion of your small bowel or colon and reconnect the healthy tissue, if appropriate. Depending on the location of the diseased tissue, your surgeon can perform this surgery either laparoscopically (using small incisions) or using a larger incision to access the abdomen. Together, you and your surgeon will discuss which approach is best for your condition.
Perianal Crohn’s disease operations
Perianal Crohn’s disease procedures involve addressing conditions affecting the anus and the surrounding areas, including strictures, abscesses and fistulas. Sometimes to relieve symptoms, these conditions only require an incision to drain infected fluid. In those cases, your doctor can perform this surgery on an outpatient basis, and you can go home the same day. However, if your condition requires a more extensive procedure for advanced Crohn’s disease, you may be admitted to the hospital for surgery and stay there to recover.